African Small Carnivore Research Initiatives 

  • ASCaRIs Head Office, University of Fort Hare, Zoology Building, King William's Town Road, Alice, Eastern Cape, 5700, South Africa
  • ascaris.org@gmail.com
MEET OUR STUDY SPECIES   (WELL, WE WISH!)

This section of the website is still under construction.

Please lie down, relax and look forward... to the finished product :-)

Africa is home to at least 80 species of small carnivores, that is species with an average adult body mass <15 kg. These belong to 8 different families: Canidae, Eupleridae, FelidaeHerpestidae, Hyaenidae, Mustelidae, Nandiniidae and Viverridae.

The sections below present distribution maps and short identity cards of each species. You can access the corresponding IUCN conservation status assessments by clicking on each species' status. You can also download full assessments with distribution maps and lists of countries where each species occurs.

Please see below details on how you can assist us in improving both this webpage and the current knowledge on African small carnivores. If you notice that one of your photographs is being used below and has not been duly credited, kindly contact us so that we can rectify this immediately. We acknowledge the use of the following sources to prepare these short species' ID cards: Carnivores of the World, Handbook of the Mammals of the World Volume 1. Carnivores, and Mammals of Africa Volume V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses. Thank you to all of our colleagues who worked very hard to collect and analyse the data, or to collate and synthesize the information currently available on these species!

 

HB: head and body length  🔴  T: tail length  🔴  W: weight

CANIDAE  (10–11 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

Research needs: Still to be identified and listed

Remark: Lupulella adusta recently suggested to be the correct scientific name

E. Do Linh San

C1. Side-striped Jackal  (Canis adustus)

HB: 65–81 cm  🔴  T: 30–41 cm  🔴  W: 5.9–12 kg 

Distribution: West, Central and Southern Africa

Habitat: Wooded grassland, woodland savannah, marshland, montane areas and forest edges; peri-urban and urban areas

Diet: Omnivorous

Activity: Nocturnal; rarely crepuscular

Social behaviour: Pair + often yearlings (up to 7 individuals)

Home range: 0.15–1.6 km²    

Density: 0.07–0.97 ind./km²    

Threats: Human persecution, vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

Research needs: xxx

Unknown source*

C2. African Golden Wolf  (Canis lupaster)

HB: 74-84 cm  🔴  T: 20-24 cm  🔴  W: 6.5-9.8 kg 

Distribution: Northern and Central East Africa

Habitat: Semi-desert, short to medium grasslands and savannahs

Diet: Omnivorous

Activity: Nocturnal, but flexible and may have diurnal activity periods

Social behaviour: Pair + sometime yearlings

Home range: 1.1-20 km²    

Threats: Human persecution, vehicles   

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

IUCN population trend: Increasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© E. Do Linh San

C3. Black-backed Jackal  (Canis mesomelas)

HB: 65-90 cm  🔴  T: 26-39.5 cm  🔴  W: 5.9-12 kg 

Distribution: Central East and Southern Africa

Habitat: Arid coastal desert, woodland to open grassland, farmland  

Diet: Omnivorous

Activity: Nocturnal, but flexible and may have diurnal activity periods 

Social behaviour: Pair + yearlings

Home range: 0.3-24.9 km²    

Threats: Human persecution, vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© C. & M. Stuart

C4. Bat-eared Fox  (Otocyon megalotis)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© C. & M. Stuart

C5. Blandford's Fox  (Vulpes cana)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© E. Do Linh San* 

C6. Cape Fox  (Vulpes chama)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

C7. Pale Fox  (Vulpes pallida)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© A. Sliwa 

C8. Rüppell's Fox  (Vulpes rueppellii)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© A. Sliwa

C9. Red Fox  (Vulpes vulpes)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© A. Sliwa

C10. Fennec Fox  (Vulpes zerda)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

EUPLERIDAE  (8–10 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

E1. Fossa (Cryptoprocta fossa)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

E2. Eastern Falanouc  (Eupleres goudotii)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

E3. Western Falanouc  (Eupleres major)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

E4. Spotted Fanaloka  (Fossa fossana)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

E5. Ring-tailed Vontsira  (Galidia elegans)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

E6. Broad-striped Vontsira  (Galidictis fasciata)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

E7. Grandidier’s Vontsira  (Galidictis grandidieri)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

E8. Bokiboky (Mungotictis decemlineata)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

E9. Brown-tailed Vontsira  (Salanoia concolor)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

FELIDAE  (7–8 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Studies on spatio-temporal ecology are needed to design proper conservation plans 

 

© Name Surname

F1. Golden Cat  (Caracal aurata)

HB: 61.6-101 cm  🔴  T: 16.3-34.9 cm  🔴  W: 6-16 kg 

Distribution: Western Africa

Habitat: Moist forests along rivers, logged forest with understory 

Diet: Mainly small ungulates, birds are also taken

Activity: Primarily crepuscular but some nocturnal and diurnal activity has been recorded 

Social behaviour: Nothing known

Home range: Nothing known   

Threats: Habitat fragmentation and human persecution 

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© C. & M. Stuart

F2. Caracal  (Caracal caracal)

HB: 61-105.7 cm  🔴  T: 19.5-34 cm  🔴  W: 6.2-20 kg 

Distribution: All Africa, except Sahara desert and Western region

Habitat: Dry woodlands, savannahs, acacia scrubs and arid mountain areas 

Diet: Hares, hyrax, rodents and birds

Activity: Mainly nocturnal but crepuscular activity has been recorded 

Social behaviour: Solitary + pairs 

Home range: 15.2-220 km² (♂)  🔴  5.5-57 km² (♀)    

Threats: Habitat fragmentation, human persecution 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Ecological and behavioural field studies are paramount to design conservation plans

 

Unknown source 

F3. Jungle Cat  (Felis chaus)

HB: 61-85 cm  🔴  T: 20-31 cm  🔴  W: 2.6-12 kg 

Distribution: Nil river valley in Egypt

Habitat: Tall grasslands, thick bush, riverine swamps and reed beds 

Diet: Mainly small mammals, birds, reptiles and frogs were recored

Activity: Nocturnal, but crepuscular activity has been recorded 

Social behaviour: Nothing known

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Human persecution (pelt) 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Ecological and behavioural field studies are paramount to design conservation plans

 

Unknown source 

F4. Sand Cat (Felis margarita)

HB: 39-52 cm  🔴  T: 23.2-31 cm  🔴  W: 1.4-3.4 kg 

Distribution: North Africa in most of Sahara desert

Habitat: Undulated stabelized dune areas, dry river beds and open steppes with sparse grass and shrubs  

Diet: Mainly small desert rodents, reptiles and insects

Activity: Nocturnal, some diurnal activity in winter months  

Social behaviour: Solitary

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Human persecution, competition from introduced and feral domestic (cats and dogs) species 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

Unknown source 

F5. Black-footed Cat  (Felis nigripes)

HB: 36-52 cm  🔴  T: 16.6-20 cm  🔴  W: 1-2.5 kg 

Distribution: Southern Africa

Habitat: Dry open savannah and grasslands and Karoo semi-desert 

Diet: Mainly small mammals, but also eats invertebrates, reptiles and birds 

Activity: Nocturnal and crepuscular 

Social behaviour: Solitary, except during mating season

Home range: 9.5-17.6 km²     

Threats: Habitat fragmentation, human persecution, poisoning

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Lack of studies in African populations; spatio-temporal ecology studies are paramount

 

© E. Do Linh San 

F6. Wild Cat  (Felis silvestris)

HB: 40.6-66.5 cm  🔴  T: 24.1-36.8 cm  🔴  W: 2.4-6.4 kg 

Distribution: Africa, except Sahara desert 

Habitat: Open woodlands and grasslands, scrub areas near water 

Diet: Murids rodents, hares and rabbits are sometimes taken

Activity: Nocturnal, but can be crepuscular in remote areas 

Social behaviour: Solitary

Home range: 1.6-52.7 km²      

Threats: Human persecution, hybridization with feral and domestic cats, vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

Unknown source 

F7. Serval  (Leptailurus serval)

HB: 59-92 cm  🔴  T: 20-38 cm  🔴  W: 7-13.5 kg 

Distribution: Morocco, Central and East southern Africa

Habitat: Grasslands and savanahs, riverine habitats near water 

Diet: Small mammals, hares, birds, reptiles and frogs are also taken

Activity: Nocturnal and crepuscular 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: 9.5-31.5 km²     

Threats: Human persecution 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

HERPESTIDAE  (26–27 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

Unknown source*

H1. Marsh Mongoose   (Atilax paludinosus)

HB: 48.7-51.4 cm  🔴  T: 31-41 cm  🔴  W: 2.4-4.1 kg 

Distribution: Western, Eastern and Southern Africa

Habitat: Riparian habitats, swamp forests, estuarine and coastal areas 

Diet: Opportunistic, crabs, fish, insects, mammals and reptiles

Activity: Nocturnal and crepuscular 

Social behaviour: Solitary + pairs are also seen

Home range: 131-204 ha    

Threats: Habitat fragmentation and human persecution (bushmeat) 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats 

 

© Name Surname 

H2. Bushy-tailed Mongoose  (Bdeogale crassicauda)

HB: 40-50 cm  🔴  T: 18-30 cm  🔴  W: 1.3-2.1 kg 

Distribution: Eastern Africa, mainly in Tanzania and Mozambique 

Habitat: Wooded grasslands, montane forests and riverine forests  

Diet: Mainly insects, but small mammals and reptiles also taken

Activity: Nocturnal  

Social behaviour: Solitary + some pairs recorded

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Habitat fragmentation 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats 

© Name Surname 

H3. Jackson's Mongoose  (Bdeogale jacksoni)

HB: 50.8-57.1 cm  🔴  T: 28.3-32.4 cm  🔴  W: 2-3 kg 

Distribution: Kenya, SE Uganda and confirmed in Tanzania

Habitat: Montane forests, bamboo areas and lowland forests  

Diet: Mainly small mammals, but insects, reptiles and eggs also taken 

Activity: Nocturnal 

Social behaviour: Solitary, but groups were also recorded

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Forest loss and fragmentation 

IUCN conservation status: Near Threatened (NT) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats 

© Name Surname 

H4. Black-legged Mongoose  (Bdeogale nigripes)

HB: 45-65 cm  🔴  T: 29-40 cm  🔴  W: 2-4.8 kg 

Distribution: Central East of Africa

Habitat: Rain forests 

Diet: Omnivorous, mainly arthropodes, but small mammals, reptiles, amphibians and fruits also taken 

Activity: Nocturnal, but some diurnal activity recorded  

Social behaviour: Solitary

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Forest losss and fragmentation and bushmeat 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H5. Sokoke Bushy-tailed Mongoose  (Bdeogale omnivora)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vunerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H6. Alexander's Cusimanse  (Crossarchus alexandri

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H7. Angolan Cusimanse  (Crossarchus ansorgei)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© C. & M. Stuart

H8. Common Cusimanse  (Crossarchus obscurus)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H9. Flat-headed Cusimanse  (Crossarchus platycephalus)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© E. Do Linh San 

H10. Yellow Mongoose  (Cynictis penicillata)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H11. Pousargues's mongoose  (Dologale dybowskii)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Data Deficient (DD) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H12. Somali Dwarf Mongoose  (Helogale hirtula)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© E. Do Linh San 

H13. Common Dwarf Mongoose  (Helogale parvula)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H14. Angolan Slender Mongoose  (Herpestes flavescens)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© G. & D. Darling

H15. Large Grey Mongoose  (Herpestes ichneumon)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H17. Long-nosed Mongoose  (Herpestes naso)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H18. Somalian Slender Mongoose  (Herpestes ochraceus)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© T. Hardacker

H19. Small Grey Mongoose  (Herpestes pulverulentus)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© E. Do Linh San

H20. Slender Mongoose  (Herpestes sanguineus)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© M. & W. Tarboton

H21. White-tailed Mongoose (Ichneumia albicauda

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© Name Surname 

H22. Liberian Mongoose  (Liberiictis kuhni)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© H. van Rompaey* 

H23. Gambian Mongoose  (Mungos gambianus)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© C. & M. Stuart 

H24. Banded Mongoose  (Mungos mungos)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© P. Apps 

H25. Selou's Mongoose  (Paracynictis selousi)

HB: xx-yy cm  🔴  T: xx-yy cm  🔴  W: xx-yy kg 

Distribution: xxx

Habitat: xxx 

Diet: xxx

Activity: xxx 

Social behaviour: xxx

Home range: x.x-y.y km² (♂)  🔴  x.x-y.y km² (♀)    

Threats: xxx

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats

 

© L. Swanepoel

H26. Meller's Mongoose  (Rhynchogale melleri)

HB: 44-50 cm  🔴  T: 28-41.2 cm  🔴  W: 1.8-2.8 kg 

Distribution: Southwest Africa  

Habitat: Savannah, open woodland and grasslands 

Diet: Mainly insectivorous, termites, but frogs and reptiles also taken

Activity: Nocturnal 

Social behaviour: Solitary ?

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Human persecution 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© E. Do Linh San

H27. Meerkat  (Suricata suricatta)

HB: 24.5-29 cm  🔴  T: 19-24 cm  🔴  W: 620-969 g 

Distribution: East of South Africa

Habitat: Open semi-arid areas, scrub and grasslands 

Diet: Insectivorous, manliy insects, but small reptiles also taken 

Activity: Diurnal 

Social behaviour: Social groups (up to 20)

Home range: 2-10 km²     

Threats: Human 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

HYENIDAE  (1 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© A. Sliwa

Y1. Aardwolf  (Proteles cristatus)

HB: 55-80 cm  🔴  T: 20-40 cm  🔴  W: 8-14 kg 

Distribution: North East, Central East and Southern Africa

Habitat: Open plain grasslands and savannahs with different tree densities   

Diet: Almost exclusively on termites

Activity: Nocturnal, some diurnal activity in winter 

Social behaviour: Pair + yearlings

Home range: 1.5-3.8 km²     

Threats: Poison, human persecution, vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

IUCN population trend: Stable

MUSTELIDAE  (9–13 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© C. & M. Stuart*

M1. African Clawless Otter (Aonyx capensis)

HB: 73-88 cm  🔴  T: 46.5-51.5 cm  🔴  W: 10-21 kg 

Distribution: Central and Southern Africa

Habitat: Mostly freshwater riverine forests, rainforests and swamp forests and forest rivers in open coastal plain water areas 

Diet: Primarily crab-eaters, but frogs, fish and insects also taken

Activity: Nocturnal, some diurnal activity in remote areas 

Social behaviour: Mostly solitary, but family groups may be found

Home range: 14-20 km²     

Threats: Habitat destruction and water pollution 

IUCN conservation status: Near Threatened (NT) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats

 

© Name Surname 

M2. Congo Clawless Otter  (Aonyx congicus)

HB: 79-97 cm  🔴  T: 41-56 cm  🔴  W: 14-25 kg 

Distribution: East of Central Africa 

Habitat: Undisturbed rainforests, rivers, wetlands and swamps  

Diet: Fish, crabs, earthworms, frogs and aquatic insects 

Activity: Diurnal and crespuscular (in remote areas)

Social behaviour: Mostly solitary, but family groups may be found

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Forest fragmentation, human persecution (bushmeat) 

IUCN conservation status: Near Threatened (NT) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© C. & M. Stuart

M3. Spotted-necked Otter  (Hydrictis maculicollis)

HB: 57-76 cm  🔴  T: 38.5-44 cm  🔴  W: 3.8-6 kg 

Distribution: Central and Southern East Africa

Habitat: Freshwater rivers, lakes and swamps

Diet: Fish, crabs and frogs, but birds and insects are also taken 

Activity: Diurnal 

Social behaviour: Family groups

Home range: 5.8-16.2 km²    

Threats: Habitat destruction and water pollution 

IUCN conservation status: Near Threatened (NT) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats

 

© A. Sliwa

M4. Libyan Striped Weasel  (Ictonyx libycus)

HB: 20.7-26 cm  🔴  T: 11.4-18 cm  🔴  W: 200-600 g 

Distribution: Nort Africa, except Sahara desert

Habitat: Sub-desert areas, rocky areas, steppes and areas of sparse brush 

Diet: rodents, small birds, eggs, lizards and insects

Activity: Nocturnal 

Social behaviour: Solitary

Home range: Nothing known   

Threats: Nothing known 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats

 

Unknown source 

M5. Zorilla  (Ictonyx striatus)

HB: 28-38 cm  🔴  T: 16.5-28 cm  🔴  W: 0.4-1.2 kg 

Distribution: Across Africa, except North and East Central Africa

Habitat: Great variety, mountains, sand plains, forest, swamps, riverine woodlands and grasslands 

Diet: Mainly small rodents and insects, but birds, eggs and reptiles are also taken 

Activity: Nocturnal 

Social behaviour: Solitary + pairs often seen 

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

Unknown source 

M6. Eurasian Otter  (Lutra lutra)

HB: 50-82 cm  🔴  T: 37.5-50 cm  🔴  W: 5-14 kg 

Distribution: Morocco, North Algeria and Tunisia

Habitat: Lakes, rivers, streams, swamps, coastal and estuarine wetlands   

Diet: Mainly fish, frogs, crabs but birds and small mammals are also taken 

Activity: Mainly norcturnal and crepuscular 

Social behaviour: Males are solitary but females live in groups

Home range: 7-15 km (linear home range)    

Threats: Water pollution, human persecution (fur), vehicles   

IUCN conservation status: Near Threatened (NT) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

© E. Do Linh San

M7. Honey Badger  (Mellivora capensis)

HB: 73-96 cm  🔴  T: 14.3-23 cm  🔴  W: 6.2-13.6 kg 

Distribution: North west, Central and Southern Africa

Habitat: Very diverse: from deep, subtropical and evergreen forests; to open and riparian woodlands, afro-alpine steppes, savannah, etc. 

Diet: Omnivorous

Activity: Nocturnal but diurnal activity has been recorded 

Social behaviour: Solitary, but pairs are often seen

Home range: 126-541 km²    

Threats: Human persecution

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

Unknown source 

M8. Least Weasel  (Mustela nivalis)

HB: 11.4-26 cm  🔴  T: 7-9 cm  🔴  W: 0.025-0.25 kg 

Distribution: Morocco, North Algeria and Tunisia

Habitat: Agricultural fields, grasslands, forests, riparian woodlands, hedgerows and coastal dunes  

Diet: Mainly small rodents, birds, reptiles, frogs and insects are also taken

Activity: Both Nocturnal and diurnal (mixed) 

Social behaviour: Solitary 

Home range: 0.6-26 ha (♂) 🔴 0.2-7 ha (♀)     

Threats: Poison, human persecution, vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Stable

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School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

Unknown source* 

M9. Western Polecat  (Mustela putorius)

HB: 20.5-46 cm  🔴  T: 7-19 cm  🔴  W: 0.4-1.7 kg 

Distribution: Morocco

Habitat: Forests, meadows, abandoned fields and agricultural areas often near water sources   

Diet: Amphibians, small mammals, fish, birds and invertebrates

Activity: Nocturnal, but crespucular and diurnal activity can occur  

Social behaviour: Solitary

Home range: 0.42-4.28 km²   

Threats: Human persecution; hunted for fur; vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Almost nothing is known about this species' basic behaviour and ecology

 

© Name Surname 

M10. Egyptian Weasel  (Mustela subpalmata)

HB: 27-30 cm  🔴  T: 10.7-12.9 cm  🔴  W: 45-130 g 

Distribution: Egypt

Habitat: Fields near water channels, found near towns and villages 

Diet: Small mammals and insects

Activity: Unknown 

Social behaviour: Unknown

Home range: Unknown    

Threats: Unknown 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Increasing

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field studies to know their basic ecology, behaviour and conservation needs are paramount

 

© Name Surname 

M11. African Striped Weasel  (Poecilogale albinucha)

HB: 24-33 cm  🔴  T: 13.8-20 cm  🔴  W: 210-380 g 

Distribution: Central and Southern Africa

Habitat: Grasslands, savannahs, forests, pine plantations and agricultural land 

Diet: Small rodents, reptiles, birds and eggs are also taken

Activity: Nocturnal, but some diurnal activity may take place 

Social behaviour: Solitary, but pairs or small groups are found

Home range: Unknown    

Threats: Unknown 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field studies to know their basic ecology, behaviour and conservation needs are paramount

 

Unknown source* 

M12. Marbled Polecat  (Vormela peregusna)

HB: 28.8-47.7 cm  🔴  T: 15.5-17.8 cm  🔴  W: 295-750 g 

Distribution: East Egypt

Habitat: Open desert, semi-arid rocky and sparsely vegetated areas 

Diet: Omnivourous, mainly small mammals, birds, reptiles, eggs, insects and fruits also taken

Activity: Nocturnal and crepuscular, but diurnal activity also recorded 

Social behaviour: Solitary?

Home range: 0.5-0.6 km²     

Threats: Loss of natural steppes and desert habitats, Human persecution (bushmeat), vehicles 

IUCN conservation status: Vulnerable (VU) 

IUCN population trend: Decreasing

NANDINIIDAE  (1 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field studies to know their basic ecology, behaviour and conservation needs are paramount


© David Mills* 

N1. African Palm Civet  (Nandinia binotata)

HB: 37-62.5 cm  🔴  T: 34-76.2 cm  🔴  W: 1.2-3 kg 

Distribution: Western and Central Africa

Habitat: Montane tropical forests, riparian deciduous forests and savannah woodlans 

Diet: Omnivora, mainly fruits but small mammals, birds and insects were also recorded

Activity: Nocturnal 

Social behaviour: Solitary  

Home range: 34-153 ha (♂)  🔴  29-70 ha (♀)    

Threats: Human persecution (bushmeat), habitat fragmentation 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

VIVERRIDAE  (17–21 SPECIES) 
School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: xxx

 

Unknown source

V1. African Civet  (Civettictis civetta)

HB: 67-84 cm  🔴  T: 34-46.9 cm  🔴  W: 7-20 kg 

Distribution: Western, Eastern and Southern East Africa

Habitat: Forest and open habitats with understory, riverine habitats in drier regions 

Diet: Omnivorous: invertebrates, fruits, small vertebrates, eggs and grass

Activity: Mainly nocturnal, but crespuscular activity has also been recorded  

Social behaviour: Solitary; pairs + yearlings also recorded

Home range: Unknown   

Threats: Human persecution (bushmeat) 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field studies to know their basic ecology, behaviour and conservation needs are paramount 


© Name Surname

V2. Ethiopian Genet  (Genetta abyssinica)

HB: 40.8-43 cm  🔴  T: 38-40.3 cm  🔴  W: 1.3-2 kg 

Distribution: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan  

Habitat: Montane dry forests, Afro-alpine grassland, steppes and sub-desert areas 

Diet: Mainly small mammals, but insects, birds and fruits also taken

Activity: Nocturnal but some diurnal activity was recorded 

Social behaviour: Solitary ?

Home range: Nothing known    

Threats: Habitat fragmentation 

IUCN conservation status: Data Deficient (DD) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown

 

 

School of Floristry Florance

 

Research needs: Field work surveys on spatiotemporal ecology are needed in order to assess possible threats 


© Name Surname 

V3. Miombo Genet  (Genetta angolensis)

HB: 44-47.8 cm  🔴  T: 38-43 cm  🔴  W: 1.3-2 kg 

Distribution: Sparsed distribution across Central Africa

Habitat: Open miombo woodlands, savannah  

Diet: Omnivorous, small mammals, insects, fruits and grass

Activity: Nocturnal 

Social behaviour: Nothing known

Home range: Nothing known 

Threats: Nothing known 

IUCN conservation status: Least Concern (LC) 

IUCN population trend: Unknown